Vietnamese: Việt Nam Area: 331,690 km² Population: 85,846,99 (2009) Vietnam officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia. It is bordered by People’s Republic of China (PRC) to the north, Laos to the northwest, Cambodia to the southwest, and the South China Sea, referred to as East Sea, to the east. With a population of over 86 million, Vietnam is the 13th most populous country in the world.
The people of Vietnam regained independence and broke away from China in AD 938 after their victory at the battle of Bạch Đằng River. Successive dynasties flourished along with geographic and political expansion deeper into Southeast Asia, until it was colonized by the French in the mid-19th century. Efforts to resist the French eventually led to their expulsion from the country in the mid-20th century, leaving a nation divided politically into two countries. Fighting between the two sides continued during the Vietnam War, ending with a North Vietnamese victory in 1975.
Emerging from this prolonged military engagement, the war-ravaged nation was politically isolated. In 1986, the government instituted economic and political reforms and began a path towards international reintegration. By 2000, it had established diplomatic relations with most nations. Its economic growth has been among the highest in the world in the past decade. These economic reforms also introduced inequality in many spheres of life in Vietnam such as income distribution and women’s rights.
Vietnam possesses one of the richest cultural and architectural histories in the ASEAN region making it a top destination for many westerners. From national parks, preservation sites, beaches, handicraft villages to historical cities you can truly experience an amazing exploration in Vietnam.
The country currently has 5 UNESCO World Heritage Sites:
1. Hue– imperial capital of the Nguyen Dynasty, the last feudal dynasty of Vietnam and known for its architecture and monuments such as tombs of emperors Minh Mang, Khai Dinh, and Tu Duc, Thien Mu Pagoda, and the Hue Museum of Royal Fine Arts;
2. Hoi An – a small city on the South Central Coast of Vietnam and has a collection of ancient structure and intact streetscapes such as the Museum of Sa Huynh Culture and Museum of Trade Ceramics;
3. My Son – is a Hindu temple complex and features Champa temple-towers constructed between 7th and 13th centuries;
4. Ha Long Bay – located in the province of Quang Ninh and boasts of its thousands of limestone karsts and rocky islands carved into shapes of animals, human and various objects; and
5. Phong Nha-Ke Bang – is national park and famous for its cave and grotto systems, a total of about 300 and has total length of 70 km.
Vietnamese people are very kind and hospitable, especially for foreigner. Believe us! You will have the most beautiful holidays in Vietnam!
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